Fosamax is a bisphosphonates drug available by prescription only that is used to help fight bone loss in the body. The drug is used mainly in the treatment and prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis as well as steroid-induced osteoporosis. Fosamax can also be used to battle Pagets disease of bone.

How Fosamax Works

Fosamax works by altering the cycle of bone formation and breakdown in the body. The drug slows the deterioration of bone while increasing bone mass to help prevent fractures.

Important Facts About Fosamax

When taking Fosamax, individuals need to be able to remain standing or at the least upright for 30 minutes after taking the drug. It is possible that the use of Fosamax can cause damage in the esophagus (which connects the mouth and stomach) or stomach. Fosamax must be taken first thing in the morning before eating and must be taken alone with no other vitamins, antacids, or medications.

Consulting A Doctor

Before considering the use of Fosamax, individuals need to consult their doctor and discuss the possible issues involved with using the drug. Patients need to talk to doctors before use if they suffer from low blood calcium (also known as hypocalcaemia), vitamin D deficiency, kidney disease, and ulcers in the stomach or esophagus.

Individuals suffering from any of the above may need to have a doctor adjust their dosage or test different dosage levels to find a safe dosage level to take. Those who are considering taking Fosamax must also consult a doctor if they are pregnant or may be pregnant. Fosamax can be dangerous to unborn babies and it is not known if the drug passes through breast milk to nursing babies, so those with newborns should also consult a physician before starting use of the drug.

Using Fosamax

Fosamax needs to be taken just as it is prescribed by a medical professional. Individuals must follow the directions on the prescription label and should not take Fosamax in larger doses that prescribed or for longer than prescribed. Fosamax should be taken first thing in the morning with a full glass of water. The drug can be taken either once a day or once each week.

While on a Fosamax regimen, individuals should never take two doses in one day or take a dose later in the day. If a dose is missed, it should be skipped all together. Individuals should skip any missed dose and get back on schedule the next morning with one dose as normal.

Fosamax should be taken as part a complete program that may include diet changes, exercise, and calcium/vitamin supplements. All diet, exercise, and medication routines should be followed closely for best results.

Possible Side Effects

Fosamax does pose significant risks to some individuals, so those taking Fosamax should pay close attention to their body's reaction to the use of Fosamax. Emergency medical attention should be sought by anyone who experiences allergic reactions including hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat. Other side effects include but are not limited to:

  • chest pain;
  • severe joint, bone, or muscle pain;
  • jaw pain, numbness, or swelling;
  • diarrhea, gas, or constipation;
  • dizziness, weakness, or headache.

Individuals who experience any of the above side effects should stop taking Fosamax and contact their doctor as soon as possible.